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منتدى العملات العام لمتابعة كل ما يتعلق بتجارة العملات الاجنبية والذهب والنفط من اخبار وطرق المتاجرة وتحليلات ، قسم التوصيات – توصيات العملات لمتابعة توصيات ونقاط الدخول والخروج على مختلف العملات ، منتدى الدروس التعليمية يحتوي على دروس تعليمية لسوق العملات والتحليل الفني والاساسي وادارة رأس المال ، منتدى المؤشرات والاكسبيرتات يحتوي على اهم المؤشرات مع شرح لها بالاضافة الى بعض الدروس

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مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

منتدى تداول العملات العام

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قديم 17 - 11 - 2012, 05:48 PM   #1
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افتراضي مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي
oney management in Forex trading is one of the most important problems of new and even advanced forex traders. Almost everybody can find a good trading system that can be profitable but something that causes traders to lose and be negative at the end of the month, is lack of a proper money management strategy and discipline. Although money management is so important and critical, it is still very easy to follow.

Forex money management have several different aspects and stages and should be started from the very first stages of your live forex trading business which is opening your live trading account. We have a very simple rule that says “Never risk more than 2% of your money.” Most traders think that this rule should only be applied after having a live trading account and while they trade, but this is not true. This rule should be considered even when you want to open your live account. Lets say you have already practiced and demo traded enough and you feel confident enough to open your live account. And lets say you have a $20,000 saving. Would you open a $20,000 live account? Well, you can do that but what if you lose this money for any reason? For example your broker becomes bankrupt and closes the company and never pays your money back. Or you take a 20 lots position by mistake and you forget to set the stop loss. It goes against you for 100 pips and wipes out your account. You will not be able to start over, at least for a long time that you save some money. And this initial failure may have a bad impact on you and you may not think about forex trading anymore and you will lose the opportunity for good.

If $20,000 is the only money you have, you should open a $400 account, specially if that account will be your first live account. Or a $1000 account maximum, if you are confident enough that you have had enough practice and you know how to trade.

Therefore money management should be considered even before live trading and when you want to open your live account.

The second stage is when you want to choose the leverage of your account. Nowadays you can have even a 1:500 leverage but this leverage is too big for new traders and even experienced traders try to avoid it. A 1:200 leverage is acceptable. I do not want to talk about leverage in this article because this article has to be focused on money management but briefly, leverage is the facility that your broker gives you to enable you to manage bigger amount of money using a smaller amount of money. For example if a broker gives you a 1:1 leverage account, then when you want to buy 100,000 USD against Japanese Yen, you should have 100,000 USD in your account at least. But if a broker offers a 1:100 leverage, then you only need to have $1,000 to buy a 100,000 USD and so with a leverage of 1:500 you only need to have $200 to buy 100,000 USD.

So why having a big leverage like 1:500 is dangerous? Because you can trade a huge amount of money and if your trade goes against you, you lose all your money very easily. When you have a $400 account with a 1:500 leverage, if you buy 100,000 USD against JPY and it goes against you for 40 pips only, you will lose all your money and you can not trade anymore. Whereas if your account leverage was 1:100, you could buy maximum $20,000. If you trade $20,000 with a 40 pips stop loss and your trade hits your stop loss, you lose $80 but a 40 pips stop loss with a 100,000 USD position equals to $400. To risk $400, you should have a $20,000 account, not a $400 account because we are supposed to risk only 2% of our capital at any time, not 100% of it.

The third place that you have to consider money management, is where you want to take a position. Again, we should not risk more than 2% of our capital. This rule should be applied to the positions we take too. This is the most important stage of money management, which is very easy to apply. You just need to consider it and not to ignore it. Now the question is how you can trade while you are not risking more than 2% of the money you have in your account (your account balance).

Before I answer this question and before I teach you how to calculate your positions in the way that you don’t risk more 2% with any trade, I want to tell you something which is even more important: Stop Loss

Let me tell you something frankly and seriously. If you don’t set a proper stop loss for your trades, if you hate setting stop loss and if you set stop loss but you move it when you see it is about to be triggered, you will never become a forex trader BECAUSE you lose all the money you have and you will not be able to trade anymore. Do yourself and your money a favor: Stay away from forex market if you don’t like to have stop loss for your trades. I can not emphasize on the importance of stop loss more than this.

Setting a proper stop loss for each trade, is a different story. Some traders always consider a constant number of pips for their stop loss positions but this is not correct. Stop loss value can be different from time frame to time frame, currency pair to current pair and trade setup to trade setup. Stop loss that I choose for a position which is taken based on a trade setup on daily chart, has to be much bigger than the stop loss I have, when I trade using a 15min chart. Accordingly the stop loss I have when I trade EUR-GBP is different than the stop loss I set for GBP-JPY.

How to set a proper stop loss (and target) is something that has to be discussed in a different article. I have already published an article about this subject: Where Is the Best Place for Stop Loss and Limit Orders?

Ok! Lets get back to our money management discussion. So the third stage of money management is when you want to take a position. The rule says never risk more than 2% of your capital in each trade. It means if you take a position and it goes against you and triggers your stop loss, you should only lose 2% of your account balance. For example if you have a $10,000 account, you should only risk $200 in each trade. No matter what position you take and how big your stop loss is in different positions. You should choose the “position size” in the way that if your stop loss becomes triggered in any position, you lose 2% of your account. For example if you find a trade setup on EUR-USD daily chart that has to have a 150 pips stop loss. This 150 pips should equal to $200. Accordingly, a 20 pips stop loss on 5min chart should also equals to $200 which is 2% of your account. Easy to understand so far, right?

Before I show you how you can calculate your position size, let me tell you another thing. If a position goes against you and you feel stressed out and you down on your knees and start praying and begging God to return the market and you can get out at breakeven, it means: You have traded with the money that you can not afford to lose and if you lose it, you will be in trouble. And you have taken too much risk in your trade and you have not followed money management rules. And you have not set a stop loss and your account is so close to become margin called. If you trade like this, you should know that this is not trading. It is something else. And if by any chance, market returns and you can get out at breakeven in one trade, you will be trapped in another trade and you will lose all your money. But if you follow money management rules and you don’t risk more than 2% of you money in each trade and you set a proper stop loss, when your stop loss becomes triggered you will say, “Well! this is part of the game too. Not all my positions are supposed to hit the target.”

Now I show you how easy it is to calculate your position size. Lets say you have a $10,000 account and you have found a trade setup with EUR-USD which has to have a 100 pips stop loss. This 100 pips stop loss should equal to 2% of your capital, based on money management rule that says you should not risk more than 2% of your capital in each trade.

2% of $10,000 is $200:

$10,000 x 0.02 = $200

Now tell me if 100 pips should equal to $200, what value each pip should have? That is right. Each pip should equal to $2:

$200 / 100 pips = $2

So to risk only 2% of your money in this trade, your position size (the amount of money that you trade) should be chosen in the way that each pip equals $2.

Now the question is how much EUR-USD you should trade if you want each pip to equal $2?

This question refers to pip value of each currency pair. One lot is 100,000 units of a currency in forex world. For example when you buy one lot EUR-USD, it means you have bought 100,000 Euro against USD. If you buy 0.1 lot EUR-USD, it means you have bought 10,000 Euro against USD and so on…

Each currency pair has a different pip value. Pip value can be calculated but you don’t have to learn how to do it because it is a little complicated with some currency pairs. Also, you don’t have to know the exact pip value of each currency pair to calculate your position size. You only need to know that one lot EUR-USD, GBP-USD, USD-JPY and USD-CHF has a $10 pip value (sometimes a little higher and sometimes a little lower). Pip value of one lot GBP-JPY, EUR-JPY, AUD-USD and USD-CAD is almost $10 too. EUR-GBP has the highest pip value among currency pairs. It is almost twice of the pip value of EUR-USD. And pip value of exotic currency pairs like USD-DKK, USD-SEK and USD-NOK is about 0.1 pip value of EUR-USD. Pip value of each current pair, changes with the price change but it doesn’t change too much to affect our position size calculation. For example pip value of one lot EUR-USD, sometimes is a little higher and sometimes a little lower than $10.

Don’t worry. You don’t have to memorize them. I will give you a calculator at the end of this article that can easily calculates your position size. I will also give you a pip value calculator. But before that, I just want to make sure that you understand how to calculate your position size manually.

Back to our question, how much EUR-USD you should trade that each pip equals $2:

It is now very easy to answer. Each pip equals $10 when you trade one lot EUR-USD. So you should trade 0.2 lot if you want each pip of your position to equal $2. It can be calculated through a simple equation:



What if you had a 100,000 USD account and you had found a EUR-USD trade setup which its stop loss had to be 200 pips?

Now you can answer it right away: 2% of a 100,000 USD account is $2,000. When a 200 pips stop loss has to equal $2000, each pip value will be $10:

$2000 / 200 = $10

So the pip value of your trade should be $10 and your position should be a one lot position.

Another example: If you had a $20,000 account and you had found a EUR-GBP trade setup with a 90 pips stop loss, how much your position would have to be not to risk more than 2% of your capital?

Answer: 2% of a $20,000 account is $400. When a 90 pips stop loss should equal $400, the pip value of your position should be $4.4:

$400 / 90 = $4.4

One lot EUR-GBP has a $20 pip value. So you should take a 0.22 lot position:

$4.4 / $20 = 0.22 lot

Now that you have learned to calculate your position size, you can use the below position size calculator, whenever you want to take a position. It saves you some time.

اذا اعجبك الموضوع و اردت نشره في المنتديات الاخرى فاستخدم هذا الرابط:
مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي
http://www.borsaat.com/vb/t477893.html



الراجح من غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 19 - 11 - 2012, 10:40 PM   #2
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

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tarek zaky غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 06 - 12 - 2012, 11:53 PM   #3
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

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fisal omar غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 06 - 12 - 2012, 11:54 PM   #4
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

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fisal omar غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 07 - 12 - 2012, 04:35 PM   #5
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

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التوقيع:
حلم المليون
شادي عبده غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 07 - 12 - 2012, 05:19 PM   #6
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

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التوقيع:
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قناص ألفرص غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 07 - 12 - 2012, 10:54 PM   #7
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي

اخي الراجح من
السلام عليكم
وبحكم انني من الذين تهوروا ولم يديرو راس المال بطرييقة عسكرية انضباطيه
فاسمح لي بمشاركاتي القادمة ان اترجم الفقرات الوارده بمقالك زيادة وتعميم لكل الاخوه
عسى ربي ان حافظوا على دولار واحد بسببك وبسبب الترجمه يعطينا بركته واجره



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diaamasree1 غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
قديم 07 - 12 - 2012, 11:10 PM   #8
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افتراضي رد: مقال رائع عن الادارة الصحيحة لراس المال منقول من موقع اجنبي


oney management in Forex trading is one of the most important problems of new and even advanced forex traders. Almost everybody can find a good trading system that can be profitable but something that causes traders to lose and be negative at the end of the month, is of a proper money management strategy and discipline. Although money management is so important and critical, it is still very easy to follow.




ان ادارة راس المال عبر التجارة بالفوركس تعتبر واحده من اهم المشاكل لقدامى هذه التجاره والمستفيدين منها وايضا لمن هم جدد في هذا المجال
وفي الغالب ان اي شخص يستطيع ايجاد نظام لتجارة جيده يستطيع عبرها ان يحقق الفائده المرجوه والاستفاده الماليه ولكن يمكن لشئ ما ان يسبب لك الخسائر وكذلك ان ياتيك اخر الشهر وانت بالسالب ( يعني مفلس بالعربي )
وهذا الشئ هو النقص في استراتيجية ادارة راس المال المناسبة وقلة انضباطك
وعلى الرغم من ان ادارة راس المال مهمة وحرجة للغاية ولكنها تبقى سهلة الاتباع


يتبع



diaamasree1 غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
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