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Phrasal Verbs

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18 - 01 - 2010, 08:40 PM
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افتراضي Phrasal Verbs
Phrasal Verbs



What are phrasal verbs
The term phrasal verb refers to a verb and preposition which together have a special meaning. For example, call off means "cancel." Phrasal verbs are also known as two-word verbs or three-word verbs

Phrasal verbs هي كلمة تطلق على أفعال يضاف إليها أحرف جر مما يؤدي إلى تغيير معنى الفعل كلياً. مثلاً، الفعل call يعني ينادي و لكن عندما أضفنا حرف الجر off للفعل call أصبحت عبارة call off تعني يلغي. phrasal verbs يطلق عليها أيضا إسم two-word verbs أو three-word verbs

Following you will find the most commonly used phrasal verbs together with their meanings and an example on each phrasal verb
هذه أكثر أفعال phrasal verbs استعمالا طبعا مع شرح معانيها و بأمثلة أيضاً.

1) ask out
ask someone to go on a date: يطلب من شخص موعدا للخروج سويا
We've been asked out to dinner twice this week

2) bring about, bring on
cause يسبب
Land reform brought about a great change in the lives of the common people
This incident will surely bring on a crisis.

3) bring up
rear children (a يربي أولاد
Every mother has to bring up her children properly

mention or introduce a topic (b يفتح أو يبدأ موضوع (للحديث)
The students brought up the question of racial discrimination in class

4) bring off
to accomplish ينجز
The manager brought off a big business deal

5) call back
return a telephone call يعاود الاتصال
The actor was called back for a second audition

6) call in
to call upon for consultation; ask for help يطلب للاستشارة أو المساعدة
Two specialists were called in to assist in the operation

7) call off
to cancel (something) that had been planned for a certain date يلغي شيئا كان قد حدد له موعد
The performance was called off because of rain

8)call on
to visit يزرو
I like to call on friends

9) call up
to communicate or try to communicate with by telephone يتصل بأحد على التليفون
I will call him up to ask about his health

10) catch up with
reach the same level pr position يصل لنفس المستوى أو المركز
They tried to catch up with the leader in a race

11) check in, check into
to register, as at a hotel يسجل حضور أو يحجز في فندق مثلا
We checked in at the reception desk

12) check out
take a book from a library (a يأخذ كتاب من المكتبة (للاستعارة)
This book was checked out in your name

investigate (b يدقق أو يفحص
The policeman checked out the validity of the driving license

13) check out of
leave a hotel يغادر الفندق (يسجل خروج)
We checked out of the hotel this morning

14) cheer up
make (someone) feel happier يُفرح أو يسعد
This fine weather should cheer you up

15) clean up
to wash or tidy up ينظف و يرتب
The maid cleaned up the house after the party

16) come across
meet by chance يلتقي صدفة
I came across this picture when I was cleaning out the attic

17) cut out
stop an annoying activity يوقف أو ينهي شيء مزعج
Let's cut out the talking and get back to work

18) cut down
to lessen; decrease يخفف أو يقلل
The doctors have told me to cut down on between-meal snacks

19) cut in
to drive into a space between cars in a dangerous way likely to cause an accident يقود بين سيارتين بشكل خطير قد يسبب حادث
A speeding car cut in and nearly caused a crash

20) cut off
to stop suddenly; disconnect يتوقف فجأة أو يفصل
We were cut off in the middle of our telephone conversation

21) cut up
to cut into pieces or sections يقطع إلى قطع صغيرة
The butcher cut up the chicken into small cubes

22) do over
do again يعيد العمل
Tom was not satisfied with the work so he did it over and over until it was good

23) do without
dispense with يستغني عن
The store doesn't have any lemons, so you'll have to do without

24) drop by, drop in
To stop in for a short visit يقوم بزيارة خاطفة أو سريعة
Drop in and and see us when you're come to London

25) drop off
To decrease يقل أو ينقص
Sales dropped off in the fourth quarter



Phrasal Verbs 2


26) drop out of
to stop attending school for example or taking part يتوقف عن الحضور لى المدرسة مثلا (يترك المدرسة) أو يتوقف عن المشاركة
He dropped out of ordinary society because it was driving him mad

27) face up to
admit to; take responsibility for يعترف أو يتحمل مسؤولية
Sooner or later, you'll have to face up to the fact that you're failing it

28) fall through
not happen for something that was planned لم يحدث شيء كان مخططا له
We had originally intended to go to Mexico for our vacation, but our trip fell through when I got sick

29) figure out
to understand; solve يفهم أو يحل أو يعرف الحل عن طريق البرهان
We couldn't figure out where all the money had gone

30) fill up
to complete (a ********, list, etc.) by supplying missing or desired information يكمل وثيقة أو لائحة بتعبأة المعلومات الناقصة أو المطلوبة
ًWe had to fill up a form before we buy these machines

31) fill in
add information to a form يقوم بتعبأة معلومات
The office needs to know your home address and phone number. Could you fill them in on this form

32) fill in for
temporarily do someone else's work; temporarily substitute for another person يقوم بعمل لشخص آخر مؤقتا أو يأخذ مكان آخر مؤقتا
At school, we have to fill in for absent teachers

33) find out
discover information يكتشف أو يعرف معلومات
I didn't find out about the meeting until just a few minutes ago

34) get along with
have a friendly relationship with يقوم على علاقة جيدة بـ
Why can't you and your sister get along? Everyone else gets along with her just fine

35) get around
avoid having to do something يتجنب القيام بعمل ما
Teresa got around the required math classes by doing well on a math proficiency test

36) get away with
to accomplish without punishment يقوم بعمل خاطئ من دون التعرض لعقاب
Some people lie and cheat and always seem to get away with it

37) get back from
return from a place يرجع من مكان
We got back from Paris this morning

38) get in; get into
enter يدخل
She got in her car and drove away

39) get off
to leave (a train, plane, etc.); dismount from (a horse) ينزل من السيارة او القطار إلخ أو ينزل من على الحصان
When you get off the bus, cross the street and you will be there

40) get on
enter an airplane, a bus, a train, etc... يركب طائرة، باص، قطار،إلخ
He got on the train and waved for us to leave

41) get out of
escape having to do something يتهرب من القيام بعمل ما
Lisa said she had a terrible headache and got out of giving her speech today

42) get over
recover from an illness or painful experience يتغلب على مرض أو تجربة مؤلمة
She thought she would never get over feeling so stupid

43) get rid of
dispose of يتخلص من
That shirt is really ugly. Why don't you get rid of it

44) get through
to complete; finish ينجز أو ينهي
How he ever got through college is a mystery

45) get up
arise from bed, a chair بينهض من السرير أو بقوم عن الكرسي
You'll have to get up much earlier than usual tomorrow

46) give back
return an item to someone يعيد غرض لشخص ما
You haven't given back the books you borrowed from me

47) give up
stop trying يستسلم
He gave up trying to get an answer

48) go over
review or check carefully يراجع أو يفحص بدقة
Jack went over the paper checking for any spelling mistakes

49) go through
experience يعيش تجربة
Mary went through a lot of troubles

50) grow up
become an adult ينضج
behave as an adult, not a child يتصرف بعقلانية
Lee really irritates me sometimes. He's really silly and childish. I wish he would grow up



Phrasal Verbs 3



51) hand in
submit homework, an assignment, etc يسلم فرض أو واجب
You have to hand the report in at 8:30 tomorrow morning

52) hand out
distribute يوزع
The teacher handed out the test papers today

53) hang up
end a phone conversation by replacing the receiver ينهي مكالمة هاتفية بوضع السماعة في مكانها
I'd like to talk longer, but I'd better hang up. My sister needs to make a call

54) have to do with
be about يتعلق بـ
This class has to do with the behavior of people in groups

55) have on
wear يلبس
He had on his jacket and left

56) hold up
delay يأخر
I'm sorry I'm late. There was an accident on the freeway and traffic held me up

57) iron out
reach an agreement يصل إلى اتفاق
I know we disagree on lots of things, Susan, but we can iron them out

58) keep on
continue يتابع أو يستمر
I'm not ready to stop yet. I think I'll keep on working for a while

59) keep out of
not enter يمنع من الدخول
There is broken glass in the room so keep the child out of it

60) keep up with
stay at the same position or level
Internet addicts keep up with the newest updates

61) kick out
expel; force someone to leave يطرد او يجبر على المغادرة
Jim's club kicked him out because he didn't pay his dues or come to meetings

62) knock out
make unconscious يغيب عن الوعي
The boxing match ended when one boxer knocked the other one out

63) leave out
forget ينسى إضافة شيء
Oh, no! When I made the list of those who attended the meeting, I left your name out

64) let down
disappoint يخيب أمل
I know I let you down when I didn't do what I promised. I'm really sorry

65) look after
take care of يعتني
The babysitter had to look after the baby for two hours

66) look back on
remember يفكر في الماضي
When they looked back on their many years together, they realized that their marriage had been a very happy one

67) look down on
hold in contempt ينظر إلى على أنه أدنى، يستحقر
He seems to look down on anyone who doesn't like the same things that he does

68) look forward to
anticipate pleasantly تطلع إلى أو ينتظر بشوق
I'm really looking forward to vacation. I can't wait for it to begin

69) look into
investigate / get more details about something يتحقق أو يتأكد
Someone said there was a meeting at 9:30 but I haven't heard anything about it. Shall I look into it

70) look like
resemble يشبه
Does he look like his father or his mother

71) look out for
be careful يأخذ حذره أو ينتبه
He has to look out for his health

72) look over
to examine, esp. briefly يفحص
I think I may have some typos in this report. Could you look it over

73) look up
look for information in a reference book بحث عن ملومات في دليل
Look up the answer in the encyclopedia

74) look up to
to regard with admiration or respect ينظر باحترام و تقدير
A boy needs a father he can look up to

75) make up
invent (a يألف من نسج الخيال
Judy's story is hard to believe. I'm sure she made it up




التعديل الأخير تم بواسطة hames ; 21 - 01 - 2010 الساعة 10:08 PM
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